A young woman has had an allergic reaction to penicillin in 2017. She has developed the syndrome of Lyell, who has put his life in danger. You made the point about allergic reactions to this type of antibiotics, rare but can be very serious.
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It is taking a treatment based on penicillin in September 2017 that Camille Lagier suddenly have a reaction, ” she says in a video of girl scouting. The doctors tell him diagnose the “syndrome of Lyell”. The pathology is severe, is characterized by the destruction of the superficial layer of the skin and mucous membranes. It is caused most often by an allergy drug, in this case, penicillin.
The body of Camille Lagier was covered with burning and itching about 90% of its surface. After two weeks spent in the service of the Great Burnt and a week in service to dermatology in the south of France, the patient of 28 years has survived, and educates the viewers through his blog.
This syndrome is very rare, is the affection dermatological the most severe. What are the other allergic reactions to penicillin ? It makes the point.
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Allergy to penicillin
The penicillins are a family of antibiotics with many drugs such as amoxicillin. They are effective in a large number of bacterial infections. In the event of exposure to this molecule, the allergic reactions are rare but can be serious. Among them :
- crisis of urticaria
- skin burns
- difficulty breathing
- abdominal pain
- anaphylactic shock
The allergic symptoms may occur up to several weeks after the start of treatment. In rare cases, the syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, as suffered Camille Lagier, may occur. We also speak of “Stevens-Johnson syndrome,” when body surface area affected is less than 30%. It is necessary to consult the emergency room in the immediate future. Patients are then treated in intensive care and the mortality rate is important, 30%, according to a report established by Dr. Hélène Durox during the National Days of infectious disease.
Perform allergy testing
In the case of suspected allergy, it is important to check with your doctor allergist. A balance sheet is indicated, including skin tests. It will help to establish a diagnosis and provide guidance for subsequent use of antibiotics. However, it is contraindicated to perform these tests in individuals with a syndrome known as Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis.