Supermassive black holes exist in the center of almost every galaxy.
Australian astrophysicists have found in the constellation of the southern Fish record-a voracious supermassive black hole J2157-3602, which will be able to eat our Sun in just two days. Her photographs have been published in the journal Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia.
“This black hole is growing so fast that it shines thousands of times brighter than the rest of the galaxy. Its glow is produced by a huge mass of gas which it constantly draws to itself. If it were in the milky Way, it would Shine 10 times brighter than the Moon, and eclipsed the light of all stars”, says Christian wolf (Christian Wolf) from the Australian National University in Canberra.
Unlike black holes, resulting from the collapse of stars, their mass several million times more solar. They occasionally swallow stars, other celestial bodies and gas and emit a portion of the captured matter in the form of jets beams of heated plasma moving at relativistic speeds.
These emissions, like today, say the astronomers, are the result of the fact that black holes are not capable of absorbing matter in unlimited quantities. There is a limit that astrophysics is called the Eddington limit, at which the matter starts to accumulate in the vicinity of the black hole in the form of a hot “doughnut” made of matter, accretion disk, where matter particles RUB against each other, are heated to ultrahigh temperatures and emitted a black hole in space.