Behind the attack of Christchurch, in the shadow of Breivik and the far right

Derrière l'attaque de Christchurch, l'ombre de Breivik et de l'extrême droite

The modus operandi and the motivations apparent for the attack, bloody New Zealand Friday, seem to bear the mark of right-wing extremist Norwegian Anders Behring Breivik, whose crimes have been emulated around the world.

The carnage of mass, of the victims as the embodiment of multiculturalism, a “manifesto” issued at the time of the massacre, and supposed to justify it with an ideology similar… The killing of Christchurch, where at least 49 people died in the attack on the two mosques, has strong similarities with the attacks perpetrated by anders Breivik.

In a document of 73 pages disseminated on Twitter before the attack, the shooter of Christchurch — a “violent terrorist extremist right-wing” in australia, according to the Prime minister of australia Scott Morrison — said, “I was truly inspired by the Knight Justicar Breivik”, by picking up a phraseology similar to that of the extremist Norwegian.

“I had only a brief contact with the Knight Justicar anders Breivik, and received a blessing for my mission after having contacted his brother knights,” he wrote.

Breivik killed 77 people on 22 July 2011, first detonating a bomb near the government headquarters in Oslo and then opening fire on a rally of the Youth labour on the island of Utøya.

Blaming his victims to the bed of multiculturalism, the extremist Norwegian today 40-year-old had also sent a “manifesto” of more than 1,500 pages in which he urged them to follow his example.

“Links painful” –

The killing of Christchurch has returned to Norway in the episode, the most tragic post-war history.

“It conjures up links painful,” responded, in the heat, the First minister Erna Solberg. “It is too little and too late, but we are going to start talking seriously with the terrorism of the extreme right now?” asked Bjørn Ihler, a survivor of the shooting of Utøya, on Twitter.

Tore Bjørgo, director of the research Center on extremism at the University of Oslo, “this is clearly a lot of the same ideas that are behind” the two tragedies.

“The idea that the european civilization is threatened by immigration in general and muslim immigration in particular, and that it is legitimate for some to resort to extreme violence to stop it”, he explains to AFP.

Like Breivik before him, the killer of Christchurch dare in his text, the comparison with Nelson Mandela, saying even expect to receive one day, like him, the Nobel peace prize.

“The manifesto is a little confusing, in many ways. It is strongly focused on what he calls the genocide of whites via mass immigration,” noted the researcher Swedish on the issues of terrorism, Magnus Ranstorp. “This is the same terminology as Breivik,” he told the Swedish TT.

– Correspondence controlled –

Serving a sentence of 21 years may be extended indefinitely, Breivik –who is now calling Fjotolf Hansen– is today maintained de facto segregation. Its connections with the outside world are closely monitored and, if necessary, blocked.

“If a correspondence is of a nature to inspire acts of violence, we have the possibility of stopping”, said to AFP Espen Jambak, deputy director of the high-security prison in Skien in southern Norway, where Breivik is incarcerated.

“We believe we have a satisfactory control,” he said.

Quoted by the newspaper Verdens Gang, the lawyer of the extremist Norwegian, Øystein Storrvik, believes that, because of these detention conditions are very strict, “it seems unlikely that he has had contact” with the killer of Christchurch.

– Training effect –

Contact or not, the attacks of Breivik have already inspired other extremists in the past.

On July 22, 2016, five years to the day after Utøya, a young man psychologically fragile, described as obsessed with Breivik, who shot and killed nine people in a shopping centre in Munich, before committing suicide.

“There have also been projects to attack inspired by Breivik and more or less advanced in Poland, the Czech Republic, France and the United States”, lists Tore Bjørgo, research Center on extremism.

A ripple effect that could take the scale for each attack successful.

“This attack is clearly designed to inspire others, both on the part of the extreme right on the part of islamist extremists,” said the survivor of Utøya, Bjørn Ihler, Friday at the AFP.

“That it has been filmed in live is a deliberate strategy to make them into a narrative that could be used by extremists from all sides”.