Geneticists have found the origin of the ancient civilization

Генетики установили происхождение древней цивилизации

Currently, the direct descendants of the Incas live in the Central Andes.

Genetics at the University of San Martin de Porres in Peru found that the rulers of the ancient Incas, who founded Indian state in South America in the XI-XVI centuries, are genetically related to people who lived on the shores of lake Titicaca, and inhabited the region of Cusco in southeastern Peru. The scientific results published in the journal Molecular Genetics and Genomics. It is reported online edition of the Chronicle.info with reference to lenta.ru.

The Inca Empire, or Tawantinsuyu, was the largest ancient state of America before the invasion of the conquistadors and included the territory of present-day Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Ecuador. It ceased to exist in 1572, when European invaders were beheaded last ruler of the Incas — Tupac Amaru.

Currently, the direct descendants of the Incas living in the Central Andes, but little is known about the pedigree of the rulers of the Empire. There are several legends about the origin of Manco Capac — the first Inca (Supreme ruler), the founder of Tawantinsuyu. According to the first version, the ancestors of the Incas lived in the province of Paruro in the region of Cusco. Another version says that the line of rulers descended from people who lived on the island of Salt near lake Titicaca, 350 kilometers from Cusco.

The researchers analyzed DNA samples obtained from residents of the city of Puno and Cusco region. They were compared with three thousand other samples of genetic material collected from the descendants of the Incas, called pancami. It turned out that these groups of people have genetic similarity, indicating that the two legends close to the truth. Scientists believe that the ancestors of the Supreme ruler migrated from the region of Puno to Cusco, which was created by Tawantinsuyu.

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