Respite for thousands of families, engagement for associations: the winter break which starts Wednesday, will suspend the eviction for a period of five months, during which the associations intend to work to raise awareness of the issue of housing.
They are becoming more numerous each year until the date of the 1st of November.
In 2016, 15.222 households have been evicted with the assistance of the public force, or about 34.400 people, according to the Foundation Abbé Pierre. A “very poor” figure slightly higher (+0.47 per cent) compared to the “dark record” of 2015 (15.151 evictions), and which represents an increase of 140% over 15 years, underlines the general delegate of the foundation, Christophe Robert.
“The reality of the evictions is two to three times higher, since there are people who leave their accommodation without the intervention of the forces of order,” he adds.
Until 31 march, people at risk of eviction benefit from a reprieve. For the first time, the slum dwellers are also affected by this truce, which was extended by the act on Equality and Citizenship.
“There are two exceptions: if there is adequate alternative accommodation or if the premises are the subject of a decree of risk”, explains Christine Vales, of the national Chamber of bailiffs.
A judge may also allow a expulsion during this period, especially if the occupants have entered the premises by way of fact.
If the evictions are frozen, the procedures, they will continue. But a possible decision of expulsion shall be effective on the 1st of April.
The number of judgments ordering an eviction, and the commandments to leave the premises, have been in 2016, a slight decrease compared to 2015, respectively 128.146 (against 132.196) and 63.081 (against 67.905).
“It may be that there is a spike in prevention”, hope Christophe Robert: “But the strong number of evictions with the support of the public revealed when even the failure of previous steps to avoid this end. It is there that we must act”.
– “Pulse” – government –
“It is not necessary to wait until 31 march to find out that it will still be an increase in evictions. It is now that it plays. We would like this truce to be used in a logic search for alternative solutions,” he continued.
In the Face of this “very worrying situation”, “it should be a general mobilization”, abounds Florent Gueguen, director of the Federation of the actors of solidarity (ex-Fnars).
The associations expect a “pulse” of the government on these issues of housing, own to reassure them after the”disturbing attack on APL”, according to Christophe Robert.
‘To stop the evictions, it is necessary to mobilize with targets the social landlords, the private donors, the bailiffs, the CAF (caisses d’allocations familiales), the associations and say +there are so many people threatened by evictions, go to the front of these people to find solutions+. This mobilization is very insufficient”, he says.
“It takes an ambition, to create a dynamic at the highest level of the State that will descend into the territories. We will not release the pressure on it,” says Christophe Robert.
“We also have a real problem with the State over evictions of households accepted as priority Dalo”, enjoying the Right to adequate housing was legally enforceable and that the eviction without relocation is prohibited by a circular of 2012, ” adds Florent Guegen.
According to the High committee for housing of disadvantaged people, 36 households in this situation have been deported since the beginning of the year (47 in 2016).
Another concern: the number of families living in the street, which “reached a peak never seen for the past ten years without the State or the local authorities have an answer to give,” alarm Florent Gueguen.
During the next few months, they will be able to benefit from the additional spaces, which open progressively from Wednesday, in the framework of the “plan winter”.
Approximately 10,000 seats emergency accommodation will be made available, in addition to the 120,000 already existing. But beyond that, “it is necessary to prepare for the end of the winter,” urges Florent Gueguen.