The study is important not only for understanding the species diversity of corals.
Scientists from the Smithsonian Institute of tropical research (Bureau of research, Institute of the USA in Panama), 60 miles from Panama have discovered a new species of corals belonging to the genus Thesea. The paper was published in the journal Bulletin of Marine Science.
Biologists have identified the genus, comparing the new species with other genera. It turned out that he most resembles their external characteristics – thick branches and bright red color – the only species of the genus Thesea – T. variabilis. It was called Thesea dalioi – in honor of ray Dalio (Ray Dalio), which held the expedition.
Ecologist Hector M. Guzman (Hector M. Guzman) who participated in the work reported on the study:
“After two expeditions, during which we dive with the underwater equipment to a depth of 300 meters, we have identified 17 types of octocorallia (six – and eight-corals). Among them were new species.”
According to Hector, this information is necessary for the Bank of Hanible (Hannibal Bank) is a protected area in the Bay. She is known for unusual inhabitants. Love to visit the Bay fishermen because there you can catch a 300-pound black Marlin (Istiompax indica).Those reefs that were examined, the scientists are considered a place of biological diversity. There is lots of algae, corals and sponges, however, T. dalioi found in a very exotic place, in the so-called methotically zone (mesophotic), where little light penetrated.
Guzman also noted that this study is important not only for understanding the species diversity of corals, but also for their further study as they are important for medicine. On their basis developed drugs against cardiovascular diseases, leukemia, lymphoma and many other ailments.
Previously, scientists at the South of the Caribbean sea found under methotically area of coral reefs (at depths of 130 to 300 meters) such a large number of organisms that decided to give her own name – razvoditsja area (rariphotic). It is inhabited by strange fish-like inhabitants of shallow water.