The project is estimated at $1.5 billion.
The national Board of the USA on Aeronautics and research of space administration (NASA) launched the automatic station Parker Solar Probe to study the Sun. She went into space with the help of a heavy launch vehicle Delta IV launched from the spaceport at Cape Canaveral (Florida).
American scientists hope that the probe equipped with scientific instruments, will give them new data on processes in the solar atmosphere, essential for life on Earth.
At the end of its mission, planned for eight years, he approached the only star of the Solar system at a distance of about 6 million kilometers – at such a close distance was none other spacecraft.
Station the size of a small car constructed according to the government order, the specialists of the applied physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University located in Laurel (Maryland). The launch was performed by the program “living with a star”, which was developed by the scientific Department in conjunction with the NASA space flight Center name Goddard in Greenbelt (Maryland).
At this facility, also within the structure of the US space Agency, within two months the unit was tested in conditions of extreme temperature differential. First, the engineers put it in a vacuum chamber with a height of about 12 meters, to check the probe and its “filling” will feel at minus 180 degrees Celsius, and then began to increase the temperature by observing the behavior of his ward. Specialists alternated low and high temperature, simulating the conditions of flight in outer space.