Over the last 10 years, women’s hourly wages have grown faster than men’s, helping to further reduce the gap between them.
The Québec Yearbook of Labor Statistics, which has just been published by the Quebec Institute of Statistics, reveals that women’s earnings rose by 31.1% during the 2007-2017 decade, while men increased by 27.2% during the same period.
Women averaged $ 23.58 per hour in 2017, compared to $ 26.25 per hour for men. The difference is now $ 2.67 an hour, whereas it was $ 2.93 in 2016.
Women’s compensation continues to grow, but in small steps, summarized in an interview with The Canadian Press Wednesday, Luc Cloutier-Villeneuve, labor statistics analyst at the Quebec Institute of Statistics.
In dollar terms, however, both hourly wages increased during this decade, at $ 5.60 for women and $ 5.61 for men.
“In terms of dollars, the average gain is the same, which means that as they moved further, in relative terms they made a bigger gain, had stronger growth,” Cloutier-Villeneuve said. .
Immigrant workers, on the other hand, have seen their situation stabilize over 10 years, compared to Canadian-born workers, but there has been a marked improvement for immigrants over the past three years.
Thus, from 2007 to 2017, the hourly compensation of immigrant workers increased by 23.3%, while that of Canadian-born workers rose by 22%. This difference is not statistically significant, said Mr. Cloutier-Villeneuve, of the ISQ.
He is quick to point out, however, that over the past three years, immigrant workers have experienced higher hourly wage increases than Canadian-born workers.
In 2015, they posted a 3.3% increase compared to 2.1% for Canadian-born workers. In 2016, the phenomenon is the same: 3.3% for immigrants and 2.8% for those born here. In 2017, the increase was 3.7% for immigrants compared to 2.9% for workers born in Canada.
In terms of dollars, in 2017, the earnings of immigrant workers were $ 23.81 per hour, compared to $ 25.17 per hour for Canadian-born workers. A gap of $ 1.36 per hour remains.