Smoking and depression: the doctors told why children suffer from hyperactivity

Курение и депрессии: медики рассказали, почему дети страдают гиперактивностью

Habits of parents greatly affect the lives of children.

A group of Korean scientists found that the risk of in children ADHD (attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder) are influenced by factors in the lives of their parents.

In an article published in the journal Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, reported that Smoking and depression the adults in the family significantly increase the chances of the child to a behavioral disorder. The results were obtained on a sample of more than 23.5 thousand Korean children and adolescents.

The mechanism of the development of ADHD (neurological-behavioral disorder characterized by difficulty вним890ания concentration, hyperactivity and impulsivity), primarily responsible for the violation of the synthesis of the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine. Data metascheduling show that the symptoms of ADHD experienced more than three percent of all people on the planet.

Factors influencing the development disorders can be very different from prenatal stress of the mother to the overuse of social networks. A team of scientists led by Jin-Won Kwon (Jin-won Kwon) from Censusscope national University analyzed data on 23561 child and adolescent under 18 years with diagnosed ADHD. For each child was available information about the health and lifestyle of their parents socio-economic status, place of residence, obesity, Smoking and depression.

Scientists have found that over the observation period (2005 to 2014) the number of children and adolescents with ADHD increased about four times: among the diagnosed cases, 79.5 per cent were children older than ten years. In children, at least one of whose parents suffered from depression, ADHD diagnosed six times more often. As for Smoking, in children whose parents smoked more than 15 cigarettes per day, the risk of developing ADHD was 60 percent higher than those who smoked less than 15 cigarettes a day. The researchers studied the effects of passive Smoking, analyzing the information, it is customary in the family to smoke at home or with the children: the influence of passive Smoking on the development of ADHD in children was insignificant.

The work shows the importance of studying the external factors in the causes of behavioural and mental disorders in children and adolescents. In addition, the authors note, health care organizations should warn parents about the possible impact of some aspects of their lives to the mental health of the child.

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