The forces antijihadistes consolidate Friday their noose around the last redoubt held by the group islamic State (EI) in Syria, on the day the war in the country enters its ninth year with a balance in excess of 370.000 dead.
The democratic Forces in syria (FDS), supported by an international coalition led by the United States, have been trying for weeks to break the last defenses of the irreducible EI, cornered in a piece of land in the village of Baghouz, on the eastern edge of Syria.
The “caliphate” self-proclaimed by the EI in 2014 over vast territories on horseback conquered between Iraq and Syria is more than a camp with tunnels and tents at the edge of the river Euphrates, not far from the iraqi border.
But the final assault by the FDS is slowed down by counter-attacks from jihadists, but most of all by the stream of men, women and children leaving, often injured and hungry, the reduces.
On Friday, the sound of fighter planes echoed in the sky on the front line, but the machine gun fire had almost ceased, noted a correspondent of the AFP on the spot.
“Some families are going to go. Jihadists and their relatives”, said to AFP Jiager Amed, an official kurdish. The FDS ‘ consolidate their positions and perform shifts of troops at the front.”
– “A lot of suicide bombers” –
Mr. Amed said it was unable to assess how many people are still present in the flap of the caliphate. “Those who remain have still a very strong attachment to the ideology (of the EI). There are a lot of suicide bombers ready to resist until the end”.
According to a press release of the FDS, “1.300 terrorists (combatants of the AR) and their families were rendered during the one day on Thursday.
According to a latest statement drawn up by the syrian Observatory Human rights (OSDH), 60,000 people were out of pocket jihadist since December. One in ten would be a jihadist.
The jihadists are arrested by the FDS and inmates. Women and children are transferred by trucks to the camp for the displaced at the Al-Hol (north-east).
Among them, many foreign nationals including the FDS and the United States wish that they be repatriated to their country of origin. But the eu member States have so far shown to be risk-averse, fearing the reaction of public opinion marked by deadly attacks claimed by the AR.
France has, however, announced Friday that it has repatriated “several” children of jihadists, “orphaned and isolated, between the ages of 5 years and less”, which were in these idp camps. They “are the subject of a follow-up medical and psychological particular and have been handed over to judicial authorities,” according to the foreign Affairs.
The war complex –
The last phase of the battle against the ir is one of the aspects of the war complex in Syria, which entered Friday in its ninth year.
Triggered with the bloody repression by the regime of protests pro-democracy peaceful at Deraa (south) and then to Damascus, on 15 march 2011, the conflict now involves rebel groups, jihadist movements and foreign powers.
It has cost the lives of more than 370.000 people, including 112.623 civilians including more than 21,000 children and 13,000 women, according to the last balance-sheet of the OSDH. The rest of the victims are syrian soldiers, rebels, jihadists and kurdish guerrillas.
The previous balance sheet of the NGO in September was a state of over 360,000 dead.
The conflict has driven out of their home more than half of the nearly 23 million the country before the war.
The NGOS denounce always the human rights abuses perpetrated by the regime of Bashar al-Assad, whose family has been in power since 1971, accused of chemical attacks deadly, but also of torture and arbitrary arrests.
In recent years, and thanks to the support of its allies russia and iran, the regime has regained many of the regions areas which it had lost in the face of the rebels and jihadists. One-third of the territory, however, fall again to his control.
The war led to destruction valued at 400 billion dollars and wiped out crucial sectors for the economy.
In Brussels, a donors ‘ conference for Syria has delivered Thursday, nearly $ 7 billion to help the refugees, but the release of funds for reconstruction has been conditioned to a peace process to be credible.
The Assad regime has criticized the “politicization systematic humanitarian issue” by these donors to exercise, according to him, “pressures on Syria”.